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× Yan L
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2017
作者:Lingshi An;Yan Li;Yingying Zhao;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
This paper presents the results of a laboratory experiment that aimed to characterize the permanent deformation behavior of coarse grained soils. To evaluate the effects of the cyclic stress amplitude, initial mean stress, and initial stress ratio on the permanent axial deformation, six series of repeated load triaxial tests were performed. The results indicate that permanent deformation of coarse grained soils increased with increasing cyclic stress amplitude. In particular, for relative low cyclic stress levels, accumulation rate of permanent deformation decreased progressively with number of cycles and eventually reached an equilibrium state. The initial stress ratio was also found to obviously facilitate the buildup of axial deformation since it means higher deviatoric stress as the mean pressure kept constant. As the initial stress ratio was less than the slope of static failure line, the experimental results indicated that the increase of initial mean stress enhanced the capability of resisting deformation. A simplified mechanistic empirical prediction model was proposed, which predicted the permanent deformation as product of four independent functions about cyclic stress amplitude, initial mean stress, initial stress ratio, and number of load cycles. Satisfactory predictions of the permanent deformation behavior of coarse grained soils were obtained with the proposed model.
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2017
作者:Lingshi An;Yan Li;Yingying Zhao;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
This paper presents the results of a laboratory experiment that aimed to characterize the permanent deformation behavior of coarse grained soils. To evaluate the effects of the cyclic stress amplitude, initial mean stress, and initial stress ratio on the permanent axial deformation, six series of repeated load triaxial tests were performed. The results indicate that permanent deformation of coarse grained soils increased with increasing cyclic stress amplitude. In particular, for relative low cyclic stress levels, accumulation rate of permanent deformation decreased progressively with number of cycles and eventually reached an equilibrium state. The initial stress ratio was also found to obviously facilitate the buildup of axial deformation since it means higher deviatoric stress as the mean pressure kept constant. As the initial stress ratio was less than the slope of static failure line, the experimental results indicated that the increase of initial mean stress enhanced the capability of resisting deformation. A simplified mechanistic empirical prediction model was proposed, which predicted the permanent deformation as product of four independent functions about cyclic stress amplitude, initial mean stress, initial stress ratio, and number of load cycles. Satisfactory predictions of the permanent deformation behavior of coarse grained soils were obtained with the proposed model.
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2016
作者:Yan Li;Xiao Li Hou;Xin Qin Gao;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
Nanoindentation is an effective nondestructive method for small scale determination of mechanical properties of materials. However, indentation response of metallic materials is very sensitive to indenter tip roundness, size effects, loading rate, and so forth. This study will analyze the effect of indenter shape imperfections on hardness determination. For this purpose, experimental investigations and finite element simulations are carried out. At first, it is found that hardness values determined with Oliver and Pharr’s method are affected by errors caused by imperfect indenter tip: errors increase for imperfect indenters with larger tip radii. Afterwards, several commonly used methods accounting at different extents for tip radius variations are compared. However, most of those methods are found not to be accurate for shallow indentation. For this reason, a novel hardness determination method based on geometrical relations of the imperfect indenter tip is developed. Results show that the new approach is very effective even in the case of shallow indentation.
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2016
作者:Yan Li;Xiao Li Hou;Xin Qin Gao;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
Nanoindentation is an effective nondestructive method for small scale determination of mechanical properties of materials. However, indentation response of metallic materials is very sensitive to indenter tip roundness, size effects, loading rate, and so forth. This study will analyze the effect of indenter shape imperfections on hardness determination. For this purpose, experimental investigations and finite element simulations are carried out. At first, it is found that hardness values determined with Oliver and Pharr’s method are affected by errors caused by imperfect indenter tip: errors increase for imperfect indenters with larger tip radii. Afterwards, several commonly used methods accounting at different extents for tip radius variations are compared. However, most of those methods are found not to be accurate for shallow indentation. For this reason, a novel hardness determination method based on geometrical relations of the imperfect indenter tip is developed. Results show that the new approach is very effective even in the case of shallow indentation.
5 Continuous Flow Controlled Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Pulsed Mixing Microfluidic System [期刊论文]
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2015
作者:JianFang Liu;Wen Hong;Zhigang Yang;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
To prepare the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with uniform sizes, fine morphology, and good monodispersity, a pulsed mixing microfluidic system based on PZT actuation was presented. The system includes PZT micropump and Y type micromixer. By adjusting voltage (entrance flow rate), pulsed frequency, phase, and other parameters, a variety of mixing modes can be achieved, so as to realize the controllable synthesis of nanoparticles in a certain range. By numerical simulation and analysis, the channel section size, entrance angle, and pulse frequency were optimized. Based on the optimized structure and working parameters, the test prototype has been manufactured in lab, and the related synthesis tests of AuNPs were carried out. The test results indicate that AuNPs with uniform morphology and good monodispersity can be synthesized using the system with the section size (0.4 mm × 0.4 mm), the entrance channel angle (60°) under condition of the pulsed frequency (300 Hz), and the entrance flow rate (4 mL/min). The average diameter and its standard deviation of AuNPs synthesized were 21.6 nm, 4.83 nm, respectively. The research work above can be applied to the fields such as the controlled synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles, biomedicine, and microchemical system.
6 Continuous Flow Controlled Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Pulsed Mixing Microfluidic System [期刊论文]
来源：Advances in Materials Science and Engineering , 2015
作者:JianFang Liu;Wen Hong;Zhigang Yang;等
使用许可:署名（BY）
To prepare the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with uniform sizes, fine morphology, and good monodispersity, a pulsed mixing microfluidic system based on PZT actuation was presented. The system includes PZT micropump and Y type micromixer. By adjusting voltage (entrance flow rate), pulsed frequency, phase, and other parameters, a variety of mixing modes can be achieved, so as to realize the controllable synthesis of nanoparticles in a certain range. By numerical simulation and analysis, the channel section size, entrance angle, and pulse frequency were optimized. Based on the optimized structure and working parameters, the test prototype has been manufactured in lab, and the related synthesis tests of AuNPs were carried out. The test results indicate that AuNPs with uniform morphology and good monodispersity can be synthesized using the system with the section size (0.4 mm × 0.4 mm), the entrance channel angle (60°) under condition of the pulsed frequency (300 Hz), and the entrance flow rate (4 mL/min). The average diameter and its standard deviation of AuNPs synthesized were 21.6 nm, 4.83 nm, respectively. The research work above can be applied to the fields such as the controlled synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles, biomedicine, and microchemical system.